Often said to be similar, in fact strokes are different from aneurysms, you know. Even so, both of these diseases must be watched out because they risk causing death! FYI, aneurysm is a disease that claimed the life of Bondan Winarno, presenter of the famous culinary program that we have known.
Want to know the scientific facts about aneurysms? And roughly, how dangerous is this disease? Find the answer below!
1. What is an aneurysm?
Aneurysm sounds strange in your ears? Well, aneurysm is an enlarged artery caused by weakness in the artery wall, explained the Medical News Today page. Meanwhile, the NHS page mentions that aneurysms are protrusions in blood vessels caused by weakness in blood vessels.
When blood passes through a weakened blood vessel, blood pressure can cause a small area that protrudes like a balloon. Often, aneurysms do not show symptoms. However, if the condition gets worse, the blood vessels will rupture and cause internal bleeding that can threaten our lives.
2. How many people suffer from aneurysms?
It is estimated that there are 6 million people in the United States who suffer from aneurysms, or about 1 in 50 people, said the Brain Aneurysm Foundation page. Meanwhile, every year there are 30 thousand people diagnosed with aneurysms. Horrified, there are 500 thousand deaths worldwide caused by aneurysms, where the majority of sufferers are women and under 50 years old!
As many as 15 percent of people with aneurysms die before getting treatment at the hospital. Most deaths are caused by rapid and massive brain injury due to initial bleeding. Generally, aneurysms occur in people aged 35-60 years and on average symptoms form above the age of 40 years.
3. Generally, aneurysms occur in the brain and heart
Although it can occur in blood vessels throughout the body, but generally aneurysms occur in the heart and brain. If in the heart, the location is in the abdominal aorta, the artery that carries blood from the heart and throughout the body, the NHS website said. The name for the aneurysm that occurs in the brain is the cerebral aneurysm, while if in the heart it is called an aortic aneurysm.
Not only that, aneurysms can also occur elsewhere. Such as in the neck (carotid artery aneurysm), knee (popliteal aneurysm) or visceral aneurysm which supplies blood to the intestines and kidneys. However, the most common is indeed in the heart or brain.
4. What kind of aneurysm occurs in the heart?
Abdominal aortic aneurysms generally occur in the part of the aorta that flows through the stomach. If the normal aortic diameter is 2-3 cm, if you have an aneurysm it will swell to a diameter of 5 cm!
The larger the diameter, the more likely the blood vessels will rupture. It is estimated, blood vessels with a diameter above 5.5 cm will break within a year with a ratio of 6 out of 100 people.
Not only hypertension is called the silent killer, but also aneurysm. It is estimated, every year there are 200 thousand people in the United States who are diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysm, explained the Health Talk page. If not operated on, the survival rate for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm will be only 20 percent. Therefore, undergoing a surgical procedure is highly recommended.